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What is bourgeois? The bourgeoisie and ideology

Theo dõi Cổng Thông Tin Thương Hiệu Vùng Miền trên

(Cập nhật: 12/04/2024 | 10:26)

Bourgeoisie, also known as capitalists, has been frequently mentioned in the early historical stages of the nation. This is a relatively abstract term with various interpretations. The bourgeoisie class engages in exploitative activities to enrich themselves. The characteristics of the bourgeoisie have been clearly reflected in history.

If you don’t know what is bourgeois? What about the bourgeoisie and its ideology? Let’s find out now with Thvm in this article!

What is bourgeois?

Capital is a concept often used to refer to the class that has the power to dominate and carry out exploitation in society. Bourgeois is a noun used to refer to:

– The value that gives its possessor surplus value, obtained by exploiting hired labor, is an aspect that reflects exploitation in the production process. In which, the value of labor goods is calculated at a specific value to serve the capitalist’s profit goals. Capitalists calculate costs to find the greatest surplus value and maximize their benefits.

– People who possess capital and exploit hired labor, in relation to hired labor, not only create goods but also create new value through labor. However, all of these products become capitalists’ means of production, used in business activities to seek the greatest surplus value and maintain their capitalist system.

what is bourgeois

Bourgeois is evaluated from many different aspects:

In the field of classical economics, capital is defined as commodities available for use as factors of production. These resources are exploited and used in the process of organizing production and business of the bourgeoisie. They are searched, used and transformed into new products with high use value. Capital can include money, machinery, labor tools, real estate, copyright, know-how, etc. But it does not include land and labor. Because land is considered naturally available, labor is considered a tool to convert available resources into products.

Besides, in the field of finance and accounting: Capital plays the role of a financial resource. Providing value and financial potential to satisfy many needs, performing many different functions.

It is clear that the concept of bourgeoisie is understood from many different perspectives. Depending on each theory and perspective, it brings a reflective meaning to the bourgeoisie. No matter from which perspective one looks, capitalism is still one of the basic characteristics of the capitalist system, always accompanied by the exploitation of labor and the goal of finding profit in the form of surplus value.

What is the bourgeoisie?

The bourgeoisie represents a class with many bourgeois. Their characteristic features are reflected, becoming the strength and will of this class.

According to the explanation of the bourgeoisie given by the open encyclopedia Wikipedia:

“In Marxian philosophy, the bourgeoisie (French: bourgeoisie) is the social class that owns the means of production in the process of modern industrialization and whose social concern is value and preservation. preserve their assets, ensuring the maintenance of their unique economic position in society. The bourgeoisie has always opposed the aristocracy and the Christian church.”

Thus, the characteristics expressed in the bourgeoisie include the means of production and methods of production. They have the ability to hold and master production and business activities. Although they make up a small portion, they provide a large voice in society. They are not directly involved in production but receive surplus value from business.

The bourgeoisie originated from factory owners, planters, and wealthy merchants. They have the potential to easily receive greater benefits. When they use the means of production and exploit labor thoroughly, they receive more benefits.

The ideology of the bourgeoisie

The bourgeoisie is the class that owns the main means of production in capitalist society. They have many opportunities to fulfill their production needs and own a lot of wealth, living by exploiting the hired labor of the working class. This class is becoming increasingly wealthy through exploitation activities in production.

During the decline of feudalism and the formation of capitalism, the bourgeoisie was the revolutionary and progressive class. Although they only make up a small part, they own the majority of money in society. The bourgeois revolution from the 16th to 19th centuries overthrew the feudal regime, established the economic and political dominance of the bourgeoisie, held a lot of material wealth and played key roles in development. economic development.

During the period of free competitive capitalism, development was evident in the economy. The bourgeoisie plays a role in developing productive forces, leading and organizing production according to new and progressive production methods. Since then, they have brought many outstanding achievements and values, contributing to the overall development of the country. Therefore, they have a progressive role in the historical development of human society.

In recent decades, the organization and management of capitalist production has undergone important adjustments. However, the nature of the bourgeoisie has not changed. Operational and production characteristics are maintained. Workers participate in selling their labor power and receive a fixed salary, while the actual benefits and values they create are huge.

In different periods and periods, the bourgeoisie demonstrates the specific nature of its activities, affecting the development of the economy and enriching the ruling class. The rich-poor divide is also clearly shown. Capitalists do not want to correct this imbalance in society. Their need is to exploit as much surplus and exploit labor in their production and business activities.

Thus, “what is bourgeois” is not just a question about an economic concept or a class of people in society. It is about deeply understanding how the market economy works, the role of businesses and their impact on social life. Correct awareness of bourgeoisie helps us have a more comprehensive view of the mechanism of distribution of resources and power in modern society, thereby developing effective and sustainable business strategies.

Through this article, we hope you have had a clear and complete view of bourgeoisie, as well as its role in the economy.

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