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Learn about the causes, diagnosis and treatment of Dog vomits

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(Cập nhật: 14/04/2024 | 8:13)

Vomiting in dogs happens when they forcefully expel the contents from their stomach or upper intestines, often accompanied by abdominal heaving and signs of nausea. There are various reasons why a dog may vomit, such as overeating, rapid consumption of food, or excessive grass ingestion. It is essential to monitor your dog’s behavior and diet to identify and address the underlying cause of vomiting promptly.

Sometimes, the cause dog vomits could be more serious. Your dog might have swallowed something toxic, or it may be a sign of a serious illness that could require a visit to the vet.

It is important to distinguish between an isolated case of vomiting and chronic vomiting.

Why is My Dog throwing up?

You should also be able to differentiate between your dog vomits and regurgitating. Dogs mostly regurgitate soon after eating, and it’s a mostly passive process – the dog simply lowers its head, and food comes up without active abdominal contractions like when vomiting. The food expelled during regurgitation is usually undigested and without bile. However, vomit is partially digested and contains some bile. Your dog will almost always try to eat regurgitated food.

dog vomits

When your dog starts vomiting, understanding the underlying cause is crucial in determining the appropriate course of action. Several potential reasons can trigger a sudden or acute vomiting episode in dogs, including:

  • Presence of intestinal parasites
  • Bacterial infections affecting the gastrointestinal tract
  • Ingestion of harmful or toxic substances
  • Recent dietary changes
  • Food intolerances or sensitivities
  • Development of bloat
  • Swallowing foreign objects such as toys or garbage
  • Exposure to viral infections
  • Heatstroke due to high temperatures
  • Onset of acute kidney failure
  • Occurrence of pancreatitis
  • Acute liver failure
  • Adverse reactions to certain medications
  • Inflammation in the intestines
  • Blockage in the gastrointestinal tract causing obstruction
  • Symptoms of constipation leading to vomiting
  • Possibility of cancer affecting the digestive system
  • Presence of kidney failure
  • Occurrence of liver failure
  • Susceptibility to parvovirus infection
  • Experience of colitis symptoms
  • Presence of uterine infections that may lead to vomiting

Why is my dog throwing up frequently?

Frequent vomiting in dogs can indicate a severe underlying health issue. Look out for additional signs such as abdominal pain, weakness, blood in vomit, depression, weight loss, dehydration, and fever. If your dog shows these symptoms alongside vomiting food, seek veterinary care promptly.

Remember that occasional vomiting with normal eating habits and bowel movements might not be cause for concern. But if your dog is consistently vomiting and refusing to eat, consulting a vet is advisable to rule out any potential serious conditions.

Vomiting in Puppies

Vomiting in dogs, especially in puppies, can be potentially serious and should be treated as a potential emergency. It is important to note that after six weeks, puppies lose the immunity provided by their mothers.

Due to their young age and the fact that they are just starting to receive vaccinations, puppies are at an increased risk of contracting serious diseases like parvovirus or parasites. If you notice your puppy vomiting, it’s crucial not to delay seeking help and to contact your veterinarian promptly for proper evaluation and treatment.

Diagnosing Vomits in Dog

Determining the cause of a dog’s vomiting typically involves several essential steps. Your vet will inquire about your dog’s access to garbage, poisons, and toxins, any recent dietary changes, as well as whether your dog is exhibiting any other symptoms that may provide valuable clues.

Subsequently, the vet will proceed with a thorough physical examination to assess your dog’s overall health. If deemed necessary based on the initial assessment, they may recommend and perform additional diagnostic tests, including blood work, ultrasounds, X-rays, endoscopic evaluations, biopsies, and urine tests to gain a comprehensive understanding of your dog’s condition.

Treatment for Dog Vomits

The treatment for a dogs vomiting can vary depending on the severity and cause of the condition. Your dogs overall health may also influence the type of treatment.

When to Take Your Dog to the Vet

Detecting symptoms early is crucial, therefore it is essential to keep a close eye on your dog. If your dog vomits multiple times within a day without a pause, or continuously for more than 24 hours, it is recommended to seek veterinary advice. Occasionally, a dog throwing up mucus may not be alarming. Nevertheless, if your dog frequently vomits mucus, consulting a vet is advisable. Seeking veterinary care is also necessary if your dog is at a very young or old age, or if they suffer from other underlying health conditions.

How the vet will determine whether your dog is sick

Your veterinarian will start by conducting a thorough examination of your dog. Following this, depending on the information provided by you and the findings from the examination, they might proceed with various diagnostic procedures including:

  • Blood tests
  • Fecal tests
  • Ultrasound imaging
  • Biopsy
  • Radiographs
  • Endoscopy

In certain situations, your vet might need to carry out exploratory surgery. Once the underlying cause of your dog’s illness is identified, the vet will recommend the most appropriate treatment plan.

How the vet will treat dog vomiting?

Your vet may prescribe antibiotics if the vomiting is caused by an infection. They might also recommend antiemetics to manage vomiting. In more severe situations, fluid therapy or surgery could be necessary.

If underlying issues are ruled out, treatment could be as straightforward as changing the diet. Your vet may suggest feeding your dog homemade meals such as skinless chicken, boiled potatoes, and rice. While suitable for short-term relief, these options lack complete nutrition for long-term use. Remember to care for your dog attentively, like you would for an ill child. Avoid giving your dog raw food, as it may contain harmful bacteria like salmonella.

Ensure you follow your vet’s recommendations to keep your dog safe and healthy.

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